Archaeology Magazine

A publication of the Archaeological Institute of America

Special Introductory Offer!

Marker Used to Measure the Earth Uncovered in Italy

Friday, January 25, 2013

benchmark-BFRATTOCCHIE, ITALY—After a long archival search and a radar survey, cartographer Tullio Aebischer has uncovered a marble slab in the outskirts of Rome that helped nineteenth-century scientists determine the shape of the earth. Dubbed Benchmark B and left by pioneering astrophysicist Father Angelo Secchi, the slab has a metal plate with a hole in the center. It is identical to a second slab, Benchmark A, discovered in Rome in 1999. By measuring the precise distance between the two benchmarks, which both lie on the ancient Roman Appian Way, Secchi obtained data that resolved a century-long scientific dispute.