Archaeological News from Archaeology Magazine - Archaeology Magazine http://archaeology.org/news Sat, 01 Nov 2014 07:25:46 -0400 Joomla! - Open Source Content Management en-gb The Big Circles of the Middle East http://archaeology.org/news/2676-141031-big-circle-aerial-photographs http://archaeology.org/news/2676-141031-big-circle-aerial-photographs

PERTH, AUSTRALIA—Jordan’s “Big Circles” were first spotted from airplanes in the 1920s, but little has been learned about them since then. The low walls, often made from uncut stones, would not have kept animals in or enemies out. New aerial images of the structures, which generally measure more than 1,300 feet in diameter, have been taken by David Kennedy of the Aerial Archaeology in Jordan Project and the Aerial Photographic Archive for Archaeology in the Middle East (APAAME), located at the University of Western Australia. “Most are crude circles, but many are clearly intended to be geometrically precise, although often slightly distorted,” he told the Daily Mail. Kennedy hopes the photographs will bring attention to the rings. Excavation could tell scientists more about their construction and purpose.

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saraceni@verizon.net (Jessica E. Saraceni) News Fri, 31 Oct 2014 17:30:47 -0400
Preserved Grains & Trade Goods Unearthed in Indonesia http://archaeology.org/news/2675-141031-indonesia-farming-trade http://archaeology.org/news/2675-141031-indonesia-farming-trade

YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA—Rice and maize grains dating to sometime between the eighth and tenth centuries have been found in a bamboo basket on the slope of Mount Sindoro in Central Java. Joko Siswanto, head of the Yogyakarta Archaeology Agency, says that the maize and other imported artifacts such as Chinese vases from the Tang Dynasty suggest that Indonesia was part of an international trade network at this time. “The finding is also crucial to help us trace the history of food cultivation and technology in Indonesia, especially in Java,” he told The Jakarta Post. To read more about contemporary sites on Borneo, see ARCHAEOLOGY's "Letter From Borneo: Landscape of Memory."

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saraceni@verizon.net (Jessica E. Saraceni) News Fri, 31 Oct 2014 17:00:36 -0400
Second Leaf of Marble Door Uncovered in Amphipolis http://archaeology.org/news/2674-greece-amphipolis-vault http://archaeology.org/news/2674-greece-amphipolis-vault

AMPHIPOLIS, GREECE—According to the Greek Reporter, a second leaf of a marble door has been found in the third chamber of the massive Hellenistic tomb in northern Greece, along with a sand-filled trench. The marble door is estimated to weigh one and a half tons. Tracks carved in stone on the floor to guide the pivoting doors have also been uncovered. Archaeologists are continuing to dig in an effort to reach the tomb's fourth chamber. To read about the search for Alexander the Great's tomb, see ARCHAEOLOGY's "In Search of History's Greatest Rulers."  

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saraceni@verizon.net (Jessica E. Saraceni) News Fri, 31 Oct 2014 16:30:31 -0400
17th-Century Luxury Goods Discovered in Irish Castle http://archaeology.org/news/2673-141031-ireland-rathfarnham-castle http://archaeology.org/news/2673-141031-ireland-rathfarnham-castle

Ireland-Castle-GobletsDUBLIN, IRELAND—The Irish Times reports that workers installing an elevator shaft at Rathfarnham Castle found a cache of seventeenth-century artifacts sealed between two stone floors at the bottom of one of the castle towers. The damp environment yielded well preserved objects, including a foldable toothbrush, clay pipes, jewelry, porcelain, coins, chamber pots, an intact drinking glass and early wine bottles, ointment jars, and a stoppered perfume bottle. “Most of the material here was imported. The family had a lot of contacts with the royal courts in England so they would have gone to London, seen the fashion, and brought it all back to show off to all of their neighbors and friends,” said Alva MacGowan, find supervisor with Archaeology Plan. Food remains indicate that the family, the descendants of Lord Adam Loftus, who built the castle in 1583, enjoyed shellfish, cherries, apricots, peaches, and tea leaves. “Tea was only introduced in England in 1650. They correspond with the porcelain tea sets imported from China. The family were importing high luxury goods from all over the world, which shows Ireland wasn’t as cut off and unfashionable as we might think,” MacGowan added.

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saraceni@verizon.net (Jessica E. Saraceni) News Fri, 31 Oct 2014 16:00:15 -0400
Three Egyptian Mummies Receive High-Tech Treatment http://archaeology.org/news/2672-141030-egyptian-mummies-scanned http://archaeology.org/news/2672-141030-egyptian-mummies-scanned

ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI—Experts from the Washington University School of Medicine, the Saint Louis Art Museum, and the Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum at Washington University teamed up to examine three Egyptian mummies with a state-of-the-art computerized tomography (CT) scanner. One of the mummies, Henut-Wedjebu, or “singer of Amun and lady of the house,” was discovered near Thebes and dates to the reign of Amenhotep III. The recent scans reveal that she had been mummified with her brain and lungs. Small objects had been placed around her head that may be a headdress or embellishments on her shroud. “The technical sophistication of all three mummies suggests that these were well-off individuals. We would expect to see that reflected in the condition of their teeth and skeletons. The CT scan helps us to better understand their lifestyles,” Lisa Çakmak of the Saint Louis Art Museum announced at Washington University. To read about the in-depth study of a 3,000-year-old Egyptian mummy see ARCHAEOLOGY's "Priestess of Amun." 

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saraceni@verizon.net (Jessica E. Saraceni) News Thu, 30 Oct 2014 17:45:47 -0400
Bullets Point to the Battle of the Ford of the Biscuits http://archaeology.org/news/2671-141030-northern-ireland-battlefield http://archaeology.org/news/2671-141030-northern-ireland-battlefield

COUNTY FERMANAGH, NORTHERN IRELAND—In 1594, a force loyal to Queen Elizabeth I was traveling to Enniskillen Castle when it was intercepted by Irish chieftain Hugh Maguire at the Arney River. It had been thought that the ensuing Battle of the Ford of the Biscuits, named for the lost English rations that floated down the river, took place at the Drumane Bridge crossing. Local people, however, remembered that this first battle of the Nine Years War took place further upstream. Archaeologists conducted a metal detector survey at the proposed meadow and found sixteenth-century armor-piercing bullets. “Up until right now, for hundreds of years, the battle was meant to be behind us about a mile and a half at Drumane and that’s what I believed as well.…But when we’ve looked at the landscape a bit better, there’s a big massive line of bog for miles along here and there’s one crossing point across that bog if you want to have dry feet, and it leads right to this little ford. What we’ve found are little bullets that are special little bullets that show us the cavalry were here, armored men,” archaeologist Paul Logue told BBC News

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saraceni@verizon.net (Jessica E. Saraceni) News Thu, 30 Oct 2014 17:30:26 -0400
Teotihuacan’s “Powder-Glittered Tunnel” Revealed http://archaeology.org/news/2670-141030-teotihuacan-tunnel-map http://archaeology.org/news/2670-141030-teotihuacan-tunnel-map

Tunnel-Teotihuacan-Pyramid-DiscoveredMEXICO CITY, MEXICO—Project director Sergio Gomez of Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History announced that his team has completed the excavation of a 340-foot-long tunnel beneath the Temple of the Plumed Serpent at Teotihuacan. The tunnel, sealed some 1,800 years ago, contained seeds, pottery, sculptures, jewelry, shells, and animal bones. Its walls had been covered with a powder made from ground metallic minerals that, when lit by a torch, created a glittering effect reminiscent of the night sky. “Because this is one of the most sacred places in all Teotihuacan, we believe that it could have been used for the rulers to acquire divine endowment allowing them to rule on the surface,” Gomez told The Telegraph. His team will now excavate the chambers at the end of the tunnel, which may hold the remains of the city’s rulers. To read about recent Mesoamerican discoveries, see ARCHAEOLOGY's "Under Mexico City." 

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saraceni@verizon.net (Jessica E. Saraceni) News Thu, 30 Oct 2014 16:30:37 -0400
Seven Arrested in Egypt for Excavating Ancient Temple http://archaeology.org/news/2669-141030-egypt-new-kingdom-temple http://archaeology.org/news/2669-141030-egypt-new-kingdom-temple

GIZA, EGYPT—Ahram Online reports that seven men have been arrested for digging up an ancient temple that they discovered beneath their home. The temple dates to the reign of the New Kingdom pharaoh Tuthmose III. Police have recovered a seated colossal statue, seven carved limestone blocks, and two marble columns. The area has been declared a protected archaeological site and the recovered objects have been taken to Saqqara for restoration and further study.

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saraceni@verizon.net (Jessica E. Saraceni) News Thu, 30 Oct 2014 16:00:04 -0400
Did Cave Acoustics Inspire Prehistoric Artists? http://archaeology.org/news/2668-141029-echo-caves-altamira-reproduction http://archaeology.org/news/2668-141029-echo-caves-altamira-reproduction

INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA—The field of acoustic archaeology is growing as scientists consider the importance of sound to prehistoric cultures and their rituals. Steven Waller of Rock Art Acoustics thinks that ancient people were inspired to decorate cave walls and canyons with images of herds of animals because of the thundering echoes the formations produced. He has found that European caves with higher levels of reverberation are more likely to be decorated, and in North America, there is a correlation between places in canyons with echoes and the placement of prehistoric art. “It’s a trivial little sound, but it can have a huge emotional impact if you don’t expect it, if you can’t explain it,” he told Live Science. Waller is presenting his research at the annual meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. To read more about one of the world's great cave art sites, see ARCHAEOLOGY's "A Chauvet Primer."

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saraceni@verizon.net (Jessica E. Saraceni) News Wed, 29 Oct 2014 17:30:47 -0400